Hull air lubrication will be used to reduce the resistance of the vessels by reducing the frictional resistance on the flat bottom of the hull. This will be investigated over various operating conditions and speeds, and will need to be able to work in symbiosis with other decarbonisation technologies such as wind propulsion and will work in symbiosis with the engines to seek positive gains in energy efficiency.
Reduces the resistance of the vessels by reducing the frictional resistance on the flat bottom of the hull
Waste-to-power systems integration to efficiently convert waste products into useful energy
Hydrogen fuel will be used to provide continuous carbon-free power, electricity and heat on demand
Provides a significant reduction in greenhouse gas emissions but requires integration with other technologies for a continuous power
Waste heat recovery
Maximises the conversion of fuel into useful power by converting waste heat from the engine process, which is low-temperature heat into useful electricity
Keeps the hull clean by preventing the formation of biofilm and thereby minimise drag in the long-term
Battery / Hybrid energy
Battery and hybrid electric energy systems will be integrated with the hydrogen engine, waste heat recovery and wind sails
Automated route optimization
Route optimisation can lead to significant fuel savings, and involves the consideration of weather and sea state ship operating conditions and logistics.
Significantly reduce ship resistance if integrated with an optimised hull shape. Their ability to be integrated with other systems such as wind propulsion systems is essential.